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The city of Conway, AR was founded by A. P. Robinson, who came to Conway, Arkansas shortly after the Civil War. Robinson was the chief engineer for the Little Rock - Fort Smith Railroad (now the Union-Pacific). Part of his compensation was the deed to a tract of land, one mile square, located near the old settlement of Cadron. When the railroad came through, Robinson deeded a small tract of his land back to the railroad for a depot site. He laid off a town site around the depot and named it Conway Station, in honor of a famous Arkansas family.
Conway, was designated the county seat of Faulkner County in 1873, the same year that the county was created by the legislature. In October 1875, Conway was incorporated and, at that time had a population of approximately 200.
For many years, Conway Arkansas flourished as a trade center for a large rural agricultural area. Hendrix college was established in Conway AR in 1890. Three years later in 1893, Central College for Girls was established and Conway Arkansas was on its way to becoming an educational center. The University of Central Arkansas was founded in Conway in 1907 as the Arkansas Normal School. Conway's economy was firmly established upon agriculture and educational institutions until World War II.
After the war, diversification of the economy was started by Conway Arkansas businessmen when several small industries were located in Conway, including the headquarters for the Office of Emergency Services, the Human Development Center and the Arkansas Educational Television Network.
Conway Arkansas has also become the central gateway to the Ozarks. Many tourists stop off in Conway on their way to such places as Branson, Eureka Springs, Mountain View, Murfreesboro and Hot Springs.
Conway AR is located in Central Arkansas, 30 miles north of Little Rock on Interstate-40. Other major highways serving Conway are US highways 64 & 65. Conway is the County seat of Faulkner County.
This central location makes Conway Arkansas a major distribution and service center for the Central Arkansas population. Within a 500 mile radius there are 17 states and 24 metropolitan areas which include over a third of the nation's population.
Conway AR is also a frequent stop over for travelers on their way to Branson. Conway is only 130 miles from Branson.
Conway's population is around 60,000. This shows a growth rate of about 5% each year.. Conway Arkansas is also home to approximately 20,000 college students who live in the city during the academic year. Conway AR is located in Faulkner county.
The Conway AR School District has eight (K-5) elementary schools:
Conway Arkansas has one intermediate school:
Conway AR has two middle schools:
Conway Arkansas has two High School campuses:
The district also serves students and adults of Conway and surrounding districts through an area Vocational Education Center located at the senior high complex. Basic literacy services and GED preparation are offered at the Conway Adult Education Center.
St. Joseph School with a population of approximately 500 students is housed on three campuses. The primary campus is on the corner of Harkrider and Second Streets. This facility contains St. Joseph preschool, kindergarten, and grades 1-3. St. The elementary school, grades 4-6, is located on College Street and the junior high and high school building is on Front Street.
St. Joseph School is fully accredited at all levels (Kindergarten through 12th grade) by the Arkansas Nonpublic Schools Accrediting Association (ANSAA) - which is affiliated with the National Federation of Nonpublic School State Accrediting Associations and approved by the United States Office of Education. St. Joseph School is the first K-12 program in Arkansas to receive this certification.
Conway Arkansas Christian School, established in 1992, is a member of the Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI) and uses the A Beka curriculum for K3 - 6th grade. Grades K3 - 4th are located at Second Baptist Church on Harkrider at Monroe St. downtown. The administrative offices are on second floor and office hours are reduced in the summer. Voice mail is checked regularly. CCS and CCHS students represent over 60 churches throughout Faulkner County and surrounding area.
Conway AR Christian High School is enjoying new facilities on a planned $8 million, 31 acre campus on East German Lane near the Hwy. 286 intersection, 1/4 mile from I-40. The curriculum includes A Beka, Bob Jones, and other selected texts and materials, including higher math and sciences. Extra curricular activities include a competitive sports program for boys and girls, athletic banquet, homecoming, student council, community outreach and service, class trip, excellent chapel speakers, academic competitions, sign language, drama, yearbook, and clubs.
University of Central Arkansas - Originally established as Arkansas State Normal School in 1907; UCA later changed its name to Arkansas State Teachers College. In 1967 it became the State College of Arkansas and in 1975 it gained university status and became the University of Central Arkansas.
UCA has an enrollment of approximately 11,375 students and offers the following degrees:
Hendrix College - Hendrix College is a co-educational, four-year, liberal arts college, which was founded in 1876 in Altus, Arkansas, associated with the Methodist Church since 1884. Hendrix moved to Conway Arkansas in 1890. An undergraduate community of approximately 1,000 students, the college is a recognized leader among independent colleges in America. Hendrix offers a Bachelor of Arts degree in 23 majors.Hendrix current enrollment is approximately 1,042 undergraduates.
Central Baptist College - Central Baptist College, formerly Central College, was established in 1952. It is sponsored by the Baptist Missionary Association of Arkansas. CBC offers Associate of Arts degrees in Business, Education, General Education, Mathematics, Music, Office Administration, Pastoral Studies and Religious Education as well as a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science in Bible with emphasis in Missions, Pastoral Studies and Religious Education and a Bachelor of Science in Church Music and Youth Ministries.
Headquarters for the Faulkner-Van Buren Regional Library is located at 1900 Tyler Street in Conway AR. The system has approximately 258,000 volumes (including all formats), with branches located in Vilonia, Clinton, Shirley, and Fairfield Bay.
All residents of Faulkner and Van Buren counties are eligible for a free library card and access to any public library in both counties. Among specialized services offered at the library are 2 meeting spaces which will accomodate 100 persons each, free income tax counseling, children's programs Tuesday and Thursday mornings, interlibrary loan, voter registration and free notary public.
Headquarters library is open Monday through Thursday from 9 a.m. until 7 p.m., and 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. Friday and Saturday.
Hendrix College Library, Torreyson Library at UCA, and Central Baptist College Library are also resources available to the public.
Located north of Conway Arkansas off Hwy. 65 just past Greenbrier, then east on 285. Lake Bennett is the central recreation area of the 399 - acre park. Rent fishing boats and canoes. Swimming and picnic areas. Woolly Homestead provides the historical focus for the entire park. Campsites with RV hookups.
At 6,700 acres, Lake Conway is the largest Game and Fish Commission lake and offers some of the best bass, catfish, crappie and bream fishing anywhere in Arkansas. The Game and Fish Commission maintains several free public launch areas and boat rental is available at commercial docks.
Lake Beaverfork, also located in Conway provides great fishing as well as swimming and boating activities. The Lake and park are operated by the city of Conway.
The city of Conway Arkansas maintains six public parks and Beaverfork Lake. The parks are:
There are three private 18-hole golf courses available to members and their guests. The courses are located at Cadron Valley Country Club, Conway Country Club, and Sentiniel Valley Country Club.
Conway, AR is located at 35°05'14 N 92°27'12 W / 35.087336°N 92.453315°W / 35.087336; -92.453315.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.3 mi² (91.3 km²), of which 35.0 mi² (90.8 km²) is land and 0.2 mi² (0.5 km²) of it (0.60%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 43,167 people, 16,039 households, and 10,168 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.7 people per square mile (475.5/km²). There were 17,289 housing units at an average density of 493.3/sq mi (190.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% White, 12.1% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 3.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,039 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 22.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there are 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,063, and the median income for a family was $47,912. Males had a median income of $35,021 versus $25,418 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,509. About 9.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
In November and December 2005, the city of Conway, Arkansas commissioned a special census to update its demographic records. The certified results of this Special Census put Conway's population at 52,430. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 Population Estimates, Conway's population is estimated to be 59,511 as of 2009.
Conway, AR is home to the following colleges and universities: